Profile of the District Aurangabad

Aurangabad district is situated on the eastern bank of the same river .Ardh Gang river Poon–Poon flows diagonally from south western corner to north -east corner of this District water of small Rivers of this District falls in Poon-Poon through three big rivers, namely, Batane, Adari and Madar. It acquired the status of an independent district in the year 1973. Prior to 1973, Aurangabad was a subdivision of Gaya district. Following re- organization of districts in the year 1973, it acquired the status of an independent district in the year 1973. The administrative head quarter of the district is located at Aurangabad which is the main town of the district. The district is bounded on the North by Arwal district on the South by Palamau district of Jharkhand on the East by Gaya district and on the West by Sone river. The famous Grand Trunk Road (N.H.-2) passes via Aurangabad. The Grand Trunk Road has put the district on the road map of the country and provides easy transport facilities to Kolkata and Delhi.

This district lies between 24.750 N and 84.370 E .The climate of this region is Tropical. During the summer days temperature rises up to 40 to 50 degree Celsius, whereas during the winter temperature falls almost near five degrees celsius rain fall in this region is average near 50 to 75 centimetre. The soil of this district is highly suitable for the agriculture of paddy, wheat and sugar-cane The irrigation-planning has made the land of this district most fertile and suitable for agriculture.

The district is divided in 11 blocks namely Aurangabad, Barun, Nabinagar, Kutumba, Deo, Madanpur, Rafiganj, Daudnagar, Haspura, Goh, Obra

Administrative setup

Sl. No. Particulars Statistics
Geographical information
1 Geographical Data
• Latitude
• Longitude
• Elevation

• 240 57’ N to 25029’ N
• 860 21’ E to 860 42’ E
• 30 to 65 Meters (msl)
2 Geographical Area 1419.7sq.kmkm2
Administrative Units
1 Sub divisions 11
2 Nagar Nigam 2
3 Gram Panchayats 203
4 No. of Villages 861
5 No. of Police Station 14
Population (2011)
1 Population (Sex-wise)
• Male
• Female

2 Rural Population 819214
3 Urban population 317,847
Agriculture (Land utilization, 2010 - 2011)
1 Cultivable Area 8600 ha.
2 Net sown area 0308 ha
3 Forest 2375.9 ha.
4 Fallow land 292 ha.
5 Land not available for cultivation 488 ha.
Livestock & Poultry
1 Cattle • Cows
• Buffaloes
• Plough Animals


Technological profile of agriculture

Crop wise estimate of area production and yield of crops during 2011-12

Sl. No. Crop Area (ha) Production (m tones) Productivity (Kg/ha)
i. Paddy 155621.4 5524559 3550
ii. Maize 2407 541575 2250
iii. Wheat 70902 155984.4 2200
iv. Pulses 42500 38250 900
v. Oil Seeds 6441 3736 580
vi. Vegetable 1028 11308 11000
vii. Sugarcane 232 9280 40000
viii. Fruits 1679 10074 6000

Land Utilisation Statement of Aurangabad district

Sl. No. Particulars Area (000 ha)
i. Total geographical area 3,30,011 ha
ii. Net Sown area 1,97,912 ha
iii. Forest land 18,764 ha
iv. Fallow land 39,746 ha
v. Not suitable land for cultivation 70,553 ha
vi. Pasture land 578 ha
vii. Other land 2,458 ha

Soil Type

Soil type Characteristics Area in ha
Clay to clay loam Heavy soils Rap cracking in summer good water holding capacity and fertility status. 53985.00
loam, light texture soil Undulated, high sand percentage low water holding capacity medium fertility status & rocky 40087.63
Medium to heavy to soil Peculiar situation, water stagnation more than 2 months medium heavy soil, good water holding capacity medium fertility status 151004.02

Source: District Agriculture Office, Saharsa